Health Topic: Cancer Screening
The rates of AI/AN people with colorectal cancer and their rate of death from this type of cancer are well above the national average.
Studies have found that Alaska Native men have a higher rate of colorectal cancer than Alaska Native women. But Alaska Native women
have colorectal cancer rates of more than twice the U.S. average. AI/ANs are less likely to be diagnosed with colorectal cancer at the
earliest stage when treatment is most effective than whites and Asian Americans. Screening and preventive measures such as removal of
polyps (growths) can reduce the risk of death from colorectal cancer.
Who should be screened for colorectal cancer?
Both men and women ages 51 to 80 should be screened for colorectal cancer.
What is the GPRA measure?
The GPRA measure is the percentage of IHS AI/AN patients ages 51 to 80 who have had appropriate colorectal cancer screening.
How is IHS doing?
The United States long-term goal is for 70.5% of patients ages 50-75 to receive appropriate colorectal cancer screening by the year 2020 (Healthy People 2020). The 2012 IHS goal was to achieve the rate of 43.2% for the proportion of clinically appropriate patients ages 51-80 who have received colorectal screening. IHS exceeded the goal by reaching 46.1%. The bars on the graph below show that IHS has increased the rate from 22% in 2006 to 46.1% in 2012 in the seven years it has reported this measure. However, beginning in 2010 refusals was removed from the rates. So, the 2006-2009 rates cannot be compared with the 2010-2012 rates.
View a table of this chart's data.
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To see how IHS is doing on this measure at the Area (regional) levels,