Part 5 - Management Services
Chapter 26 - Conferring with Urban Indian Organizations
- Purpose. Congress has specifically declared that it is the policy of the Nation "to ensure the highest possible health status for Indians and urban Indians." 25 United States Code (U.S.C.) § 1602(1). The U. S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) is committed to working with Indian and urban Indian communities to meet this policy. This policy applies to the Indian Health Service (IHS).
This Policy establishes the Indian Health Service (IHS) policy and procedures for conferring with urban Indian organizations (UIOs). The IHS will use this conferring Policy to ensure that the health care needs of the urban Indian population are considered at the local, Area, and national levels, when implementing and carrying out the Indian Health Care Improvement Act (IHCIA or Act).
- Background. Urban Indian organizations are a major provider of health care to urban AI/ANs across the country. When the IHCIA was enacted into law in 1976, it identified the authorities, responsibilities, and functions of the IHS, the primary Federal Agency charged with providing health care to American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN). The IHCIA included the authority for the IHS to "establish programs in urban centers to make health services more accessible to urban Indians" [Indian Health Care Improvement Act, Title V, section 501, Public Law No. (Pub. L. No.) 94-437, 90 Statute (Stat.) 1400, 1410 (1976), codified at 25 U.S.C. § 1651]. The IHS carries out this authority through contracts with and grants to UIOs. In March 2010, as part of the Affordable Care Act, Congress reauthorized and amended the IHCIA. The reauthorization of the IHCIA included a requirement that the IHS "confer," to the maximum extent practicable, with UIOs in carrying out the IHCIA.
- Policy. It is IHS policy to confer with UIOs, to the maximum extent practicable, whenever a critical event or issue, as defined in this Policy, arises in implementing or carrying out the IHCIA.
- Requirement. The IHCIA, as amended, includes four provisions that require the IHS to confer with UIOs.
- Indian Health Care Improvement Act, 25 U.S.C. § 1660d(b). "The Secretary shall ensure that the Service confers, to the maximum extent practicable, with urban Indian organizations in carrying out this [Act]."
- Indian Health Care Improvement Act, 25 U.S.C. § 1602(5). "Congress declares... that all actions under this [Act] shall be carried out with ... conference with urban Indian organizations, to implement this [Act]..."
- Indian Health Care Improvement Act, 25 U.S.C. § 1631(f). "The Secretary shall... confer with urban Indian organizations, in developing innovative approaches to address all or part of the total unmet need for construction of health facilities...."
- Indian Health Care Improvement Act, 25 U.S.C. § 1665k(a)(2)(A)(vii). "Funding provided pursuant to [25 U.S.C. § 1665k "fetal alcohol spectrum disorders programs"] shall be used... [t]o develop and implement... in conference with urban Indian Organizations, culturally sensitive assessment and diagnostic tools including dysmorphology clinics and multidisciplinary fetal alcohol spectrum disorders clinics for use in Indian communities and urban centers."
- Indian Health Care Improvement Act, 25 U.S.C. §§ 1601-1683, as amended, including, §§ 1602(1), 1603(29), 1651, 1653(a), 1660d.
- Confer. The term "confer" means to engage in an open and free exchange of information and opinions that:
- leads to mutual understanding and comprehension, and
- emphasizes trust, respect, and shared responsibility. 25 U.S.C. § 1660d(a).
- Conferring Activities. The term "conferring activities" means implementing confer mechanisms, such as face-to-face meetings, teleconferences, and mailings, to solicit comments and discuss critical events or issues.
- Critical Event or Issue. A "critical event or issue," as used in this Policy, is an event or issue that significantly affects one or more UIOs. Critical events or issues are complex, have significant implications, and are time sensitive. Examples of critical events or issues include developing program regulations, formulating the budget, allocating new resources, and changing policy, as well as public health or environmental events.
- IHS Confer with UIOs Report. The term "IHS Confer with UIOs Report" means an annual report to the Secretary, HHS, describing critical events or issues to UIOs arising in implementing or carrying out the IHCIA.
- Urban Indian Organization. The term "urban Indian organization" means a nonprofit corporate body situated in an urban center, governed by an urban Indian controlled board of directors, and providing for the maximum participation of all interested Indian groups and individuals, which body is capable of legally cooperating with other public and private entities for the purpose of performing the activities described in [25 U.S.C. § 1653(a)]. 25 U.S.C. § 1603(29).
- To formalize the IHS approach to conferring with UIOs to ensure that urban Indian health priorities and goals are considered.
- To establish a minimum set of requirements and expectations with respect to conferring for the three levels of IHS management: Headquarters, Area Offices, and Service Units.
- To identify critical events or issues arising in implementing or carrying out the IHCIA for which conferring with UIOs will be required for the three levels of IHS management: Headquarters, Area Offices, and Service Units.
- To identify critical events or issues arising in implementing or carrying out the IHCIA where partnerships and the inclusion of UIOs would complement consultation with Indian Tribes.
- To require conferring with UIOs on proposed, new, and existing health policies and programs that qualify as critical events or issues arising in implementing or carrying out the IHCIA.
- To promote and develop innovative methods of involving UIOs in IHS policy development and in the decision-making processes of the IHS.
- To charge and hold responsible all levels of management within the IHS for the implementation of this Policy.
- Headquarters. The Director, IHS, is responsible for providing overall guidance and direction to the Office of Urban Indian Health Programs (OUIHP) and ensuring that the IHS confers, to the maximum extent practicable, with UIOs in accordance with this Policy.
The IHS has the responsibility to engage in an open and free exchange of information and opinions with UIOs that leads to mutual understanding and comprehension; and emphasizes trust, respect, and shared responsibility whenever a critical event or issue, as defined in this Policy, arises in implementing or carrying out the IHCIA.
The Director, OUIHP, is responsible for monitoring compliance with this Policy, including submissions to the OUIHP conferring email address: email@example.com. The Director, OUIHP, will ensure that all levels of the IHS conduct official conferring sessions that are publicized through correspondence or, when necessary, Federal Register Notices (FRN) and receive conferring reports. The Director, OUIHP, will also receive and acknowledge receipt of written correspondence from UIOs identifying critical events or issues arising in implementing or carrying out the IHCIA. Such correspondence should identify the critical events or issue, the affected UIO(s), and the proposed conferring activity. After receiving such correspondence, or upon identification of a critical event or issue by IHS, all affected UIOs will be notified through a "Dear Urban Indian Organization Letter" and broadcast emails, and, if necessary, through the Federal Register, when IHS will undertake conferring activity. The notice will identify the issue, the method for conferring, and the timeline for the conferring activity. The Director, OUIHP, is responsible for preparing the annual IHS Confer with Urban Indian Organizations Report.
All IHS Headquarters Office Directors will provide leadership to identify potential critical events or issues arising in implementing or carrying out the IHCIA for which conferring with UIOs will be recommended to the Director, OUIHP, and assist the OUIHP in completion of the annual IHS Confer with UIOs Report, when necessary.
- Area Offices. The Area Director will provide the support and assistance to ensure that IHS confers, in accordance with this Policy, with UIOs at the Area level. The Area Director will conduct official conferring sessions through meetings or conferring actions with UIOs. The Area Director will ensure that the Director, OUIHP is informed of the Area conferring activities and outcomes for inclusion in the annual IHS Confer with UIOs Report.
- Service Units. The Service Unit Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is responsible for ensuring compliance with this Policy by conferring with UIOs that are located in the Service Unit, if applicable. The CEO shall provide the Service Unit conferring activities and results or outcomes reports to the Area Director, who will report them to the OUIHP.
5-26.4 CONFER MANAGEMENT
- Identification of Conferring Activities. A potential critical event or issue arising in implementing or carrying out the IHCIA may be identified by either the IHS and/or UIOs.
- If a potential critical event or issue is identified by a UIO, written correspondence must be submitted to the Director, IHS, (with a copy to the appropriate Area Director) describing the event or issue, the affected UIO(s), and the proposed conferring activity. The IHS shall acknowledge receipt of the request within 60 business days.
- Within 60 business days of acknowledging the request, the IHS shall provide an official response to all affected/potentially affected UIO(s), identifying the conferring activity that has been selected and the timeline for the activity. In addition, if IHS itself determines that a critical event or issue has arisen in implementing or carrying out the IHCIA, the IHS will issue notices to all affected/potentially affected UIOs through correspondence such as a "Dear Urban Indian Organization Letter" and broadcast emails, as well as through a FRN, if necessary. The communication will identify the critical events or issues to be discussed, as well as the mechanism for conferring.
- Conferring Activity. The IHS will conduct official conferring activities that shall be publicized, both through correspondence such as a "Dear Urban Indian Organization Letter" and broadcast emails, and, if necessary, through a FRN. The notices will include information such as the mechanism, dates, and locations of the conferring activity, the agenda, and any critical events or issues that will be discussed. In the event that a confer activity will be conducted, the degree and extent of the conferring and the mechanism for conferring shall depend upon several factors, including:
- the nature of the critical event or issue,
- the number of potentially affected UIOs, and
- the most cost effective and efficient conferring mechanism, based on the nature of the critical event or issue and the number of potentially affected UIOs.
- Confer Mechanisms. The IHS will consider the following confer mechanisms as options that provide the opportunity for an open and free exchange of information and opinions that lead to mutual understanding and comprehension and emphasize trust, respect, and shared responsibility:
- Regular or special program level conferring sessions
- Conferences or meetings, such as the Urban Indian Health Leadership Conference
- Opportunities for comment, including submissions to firstname.lastname@example.org
- Face-to-face meetings, including meetings conducted at the Area Office level or at the national-level Indian health system meetings that include the IHS, Tribes, and UIO(s).
- Federal Register notices with request for comment.
- Contract- and Grant-Specific Issues. A UIO may request to meet one-on-one with an IHS representative to confer on issues specific to that UIO and its contract and grant awards from the IHS.
- Unresolved Issues. Upon the completion of any of the conferring activities in this section, the IHS will document and follow-up on any unresolved issue(s) that would benefit from the ongoing involvement of the affected UIO(s). Documentation of the conferring process and outcomes will be maintained by the OUIHP and the Area Office(s) in which the affected UIO(s) are located.
- Annual IHS Confer with UIOs Report to HHS. The IHS shall prepare and submit the annual IHS Confer with UIOs Report to the Secretary, HHS, describing critical events or issues arising in implementing or carrying out the IHCIA, related conferring activities, and the results and outcomes of conferring with UIOs.
The report shall include a description of each critical event or issue(s) that was the subject of conferring, a description of the process that was used, a discussion of the recommendations that resulted from the conferring activity, a list of any follow-up action items, a timeline for addressing these items, and a discussion of the level of satisfaction with the conferring process.
- Conflict Resolution.
- The intent of this Policy is to promote mutual understanding and comprehension, and to emphasize trust, respect, and shared responsibility between the IHS and UIOs.
- However, the IHS and UIOs may not always agree. Where such disagreement occurs, nothing in this Policy creates a right of action against the IHS or the HHS for failure to comply with this Policy.
5-26.5 FEDERAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE ACT
The Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA), 5 U.S.C. App. § 1-16, may apply to conferring activities. The FACA is implicated when an Agency establishes, manages, or controls a group that includes one or more participants who are not Federal employees for the purpose of obtaining the group's consensus advice or recommendations on Agency issues or policies. The FACA imposes several procedural requirements on Federal Agencies that convene advisory committees. Although FACA may not apply to groups consisting solely of Tribal leaders serving on the group in their official capacities, UIOs do not meet the requirements of the "inter-governmental" exemption. Accordingly, any conferring activities that qualify as an advisory committee under the FACA that is convened for the purpose of developing consensus recommendations will be required to comply with the procedures set out in FACA. For questions regarding the applicability of FACA, please contact the Director, IHS Division of Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management Services.
This policy considers a wide range of needs and unique characteristics in crafting these guidelines; therefore, it is important for the IHS urban confer policy to remain dynamic and be responsive to changing circumstances that affect UIOs. It is expected that the confer process may result in the need to update the policy from time to time.
5-26.7 DELIBERATIVE PROCESS PRIVILEGE
Nothing in this Policy waives the Government's deliberative process privilege. Examples of the government's deliberative process privilege are as follows:
- When the Secretary, HHS, is specifically requested by a member or members of Congress to respond to or report on proposed legislation, the development of such responses and of related policy is a part of the Executive Branch's deliberative process privilege and should remain confidential.
- In specified instances, when Congress requires the HHS to work with UIOs on the development of recommendations that may require legislation, such as reports, recommendations, or other products that are developed independent of a Department position, the development of which is governed by Office of Management and Budget Circular A-19.