Diabetes Prevention Demonstration Project Grants – Overview
The Diabetes Prevention Demonstration Project is being implemented at 36 IHS, Tribal and Urban Indian programs nationwide. These programs focus on preventing diabetes in American Indians and Alaska Natives who are at risk for developing the disease.
The Diabetes Prevention Demonstration Project adapted and is currently implementing the curriculum
from the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP). The DPP was a clinical trial
funded by the National Institutes of Health. This landmark study demonstrated that individuals at-risk for diabetes could prevent type 2 diabetes through lifestyle changes and, to a lesser extent, with medication. Specifically, this research study demonstrated that it is possible to prevent diabetes through weight loss, physical activity, and healthy eating habits.
Mirroring the DPP results, the goals for the participants in the Diabetes Prevention Demonstration Project include losing at least 7% of body weight, making healthier food choices, and engaging in at least 150 minutes of physical activity per week. To support the participants in meeting these goals, the Diabetes Prevention Demonstration Projects have implemented the following activities:
- Community and clinic-based diabetes screening.
- Recruitment of approximately 50 individuals with prediabetes per year into the program.
- Core group classes that provide the DPP Lifestyle Balance Program, a 16-session education curriculum on healthy eating, lifestyle behaviors, and skill-building to prevent diabetes.
- Monthly individual lifestyle coaching sessions, weekly exercise programs, and additional culturally-appropriate activities such as cooking demonstrations and grocery store tours.
- Follow-up After-Core program that continues to reinforce the curriculum and assist participants with reaching and maintaining their goals.