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Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Coronavirus Disease 2019

The Indian Health Service continues to work closely with our tribal and urban Indian organization partners and state and local public health officials to coordinate a comprehensive public health response to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. The COVID-19 pandemic has disproportionately affected American Indian and Alaska Native populations across the country. American Indians and Alaska Natives have infection rates over 3.5 times higher Exit Disclaimer: You Are Leaving  than non-Hispanic whites, are over four times Exit Disclaimer: You Are Leaving  more likely to be hospitalized as a result of COVID-19, and have higher rates Exit Disclaimer: You Are Leaving  of mortality at younger ages than non-Hispanic whites. This has highlighted the need for comprehensive, culturally appropriate personal and public health services that are available and accessible to all American Indian and Alaska Native people.

A Historic Investment

The IHS has received a historic investment of more than $9 billion [PDF] to provide resources for IHS, tribal, and urban Indian health programs to address long-standing health inequities experienced by American Indians and Alaska Natives by ensuring a comprehensive public health response to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. We have worked closely with tribes and urban Indian organizations throughout this pandemic to get resources out to facilities as quickly as possible.

Increasing Availability and Access to Vaccination Sites

IHS continues to address barriers to COVID-19 vaccination in American Indian and Alaska Native communities by increasing availability to convenient and accessible vaccination sites; increasing clinical and community-based workforce for outreach, education, and vaccination; and accelerating COVID-19 vaccine distribution and administration. Across the Indian health system, we have administered well over one million vaccine doses, increased drive-through testing sites, and provided next-generation at home tests and rapid tests.

Achievements and Improvements

It has been more than a year now that IHS and our dedicated workforce have been responding to COVID-19. Over the past year, IHS has worked to ensure the safety of our IHS patients and staff, as well as tribal community members. We have made some considerable achievements such as developing a COVID-19 data surveillance system and partnering with the Navajo Nation and other local organizations on a project to support the installation of 59 transitional water points on the Navajo Nation. These efforts have increased water access for over 9,600 homes without piped water.

The pandemic has highlighted challenges and risks to our current health information technology system and has reinforced IHS’ commitment to the modernization of our health IT infrastructure. Despite these challenges, we have successfully expanded our use of technology to provide telehealth services during COVID-19.The funding for electronic health record modernization provided by Congress will allow us to proceed with the foundational steps in this important multi-year effort.

Importance of Partnerships

We look forward to continuing our work with tribal, urban Indian organization, and federal partners across the country. The IHS remains committed to working closely with our stakeholders and understands the importance of everyone coming together during this difficult time.

For the latest general information about COVID-19, we encourage everyone to periodically review CDC’s COVID-19 webpage Exit Disclaimer: You Are Leaving . Information on the number of COVID-19 vaccines administered across the IHS can be found on the CDC COVID Data Tracker Exit Disclaimer: You Are Leaving  in the Federal Entities section.

COVID-19 Vaccine Distribution and Administration by IHS Area

As of June 26, 2022, the IHS is distributing all three COVID-19 vaccines currently authorized or approved in the U.S, including Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, and Janssen/Johnson & Johnson. The table below shows the total number of vaccine doses distributed and administered to date, per IHS Area, for facilities that chose to receive vaccine through the IHS jurisdiction. The data includes COVID-19 vaccinations administered to all ages and specialty groups authorized for emergency use or fully licensed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The IHS administration rate is 71% of doses received. The IHS jurisdiction is administering all available full doses in accordance with FDA guidance.

Area Total Doses Distributed* Total Doses Administered**
Albuquerque 211,290 188,474
Bemidji 252,620 177,474
Billings 139,730 80,994
California 372,330 225,729
Great Plains 261,030 167,024
Nashville 164,440 110,714
Navajo 467,280 390,526
Oklahoma City 709,365 516,747
Phoenix 353,305 249,254
Portland 170,950 108,805
Tucson 17,290 12,548
Grand Total 3,119,630 2,228,289

*Distributed Data Source: IHS National Supply Service Center, includes total doses ordered and delivered by June 24, 2022, to facilities that chose the IHS jurisdiction for vaccine distribution.

**Administered Data Source: Data is reported from the Vaccine Administration Management System (VAMS) and IHS Central Aggregator Service (CAS). Data may be different than data on the CDC COVID-19 Vaccine Tracker due to lags and ongoing quality review of data, including resolving data errors.

Note:The COVID-19 Vaccine Distribution and Administration by IHS Area data is only reflective of facilities that chose the IHS jurisdiction for vaccine distribution. Alaska Area data is not reported as all tribes chose to receive COVID-19 vaccine from the State of Alaska. The Tucson Area data only includes one tribe that chose the IHS jurisdiction for vaccine distribution.

COVID-19 Cases by IHS Area

Data are reported from IHS, tribal, and urban Indian organization facilities, though reporting by tribal and urban programs is voluntary. Data reflect cases reported to the IHS through 11:59 pm on Jul 3, 2022.

IHS Area
7-day rolling
Alaska 1,076,141 51,918 885,414 5.5% 11.4%
Albuquerque 151,854 14,343 116,917 10.9% 17.8%
Bemidji 306,876 30,447 274,957 10.0% 13.2%
Billings 154,145 13,443 136,109 9.0% 11.9%
California 181,069 20,673 152,828 11.9% 23.5%
Great Plains 253,520 26,152 225,277 10.4% 9.4%
Nashville 167,715 17,660 145,049 10.9% 22.7%
Navajo 508,093 72,524 367,424 16.5% 28.9%
Oklahoma 1,085,669 163,209 911,583 15.2% 18.4%
Phoenix 306,389 45,622 258,080 15.0% 30.8%
Portland 237,446 19,931 216,869 8.4% 21.2%
Tucson 80,196 8,944 70,982 11.2% 33.6%
TOTAL 4,509,113 484,866 3,761,489 11.4% 19.6%

COVID-19 testing data is updated on Mondays and Thursdays by 5 pm ET.

IHS COVID-19 Dashboard

* Zoom in to see stats by IHS Area

Website last updated Jul 5, 2022