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Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Coronavirus Disease 2019

The Indian Health Service continues to work closely with our tribal and urban Indian organization partners and state and local public health officials to coordinate a comprehensive public health response to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. The COVID-19 pandemic has disproportionately affected American Indian and Alaska Native populations across the country. American Indians and Alaska Natives have infection rates over 3.5 times higher Exit Disclaimer: You Are Leaving www.ihs.gov  than non-Hispanic whites, are over four times Exit Disclaimer: You Are Leaving www.ihs.gov  more likely to be hospitalized as a result of COVID-19, and have higher rates Exit Disclaimer: You Are Leaving www.ihs.gov  of mortality at younger ages than non-Hispanic whites. This has highlighted the need for comprehensive, culturally appropriate personal and public health services that are available and accessible to all American Indian and Alaska Native people.

A Historic Investment

The IHS has received a historic investment of more than $9 billion [PDF] to provide resources for IHS, tribal, and urban Indian health programs to address long-standing health inequities experienced by American Indians and Alaska Natives by ensuring a comprehensive public health response to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. We have worked closely with tribes and urban Indian organizations throughout this pandemic to get resources out to facilities as quickly as possible.

Increasing Availability and Access to Vaccination Sites

IHS continues to address barriers to COVID-19 vaccination in American Indian and Alaska Native communities by increasing availability to convenient and accessible vaccination sites; increasing clinical and community-based workforce for outreach, education, and vaccination; and accelerating COVID-19 vaccine distribution and administration. Across the Indian health system, we have administered well over one million vaccine doses, increased drive-through testing sites, and provided next-generation at home tests and rapid tests.

Achievements and Improvements

It has been more than a year now that IHS and our dedicated workforce have been responding to COVID-19. Over the past year, IHS has worked to ensure the safety of our IHS patients and staff, as well as tribal community members. We have made some considerable achievements such as developing a COVID-19 data surveillance system and partnering with the Navajo Nation and other local organizations on a project to support the installation of 59 transitional water points on the Navajo Nation. These efforts have increased water access for over 9,600 homes without piped water.

The pandemic has highlighted challenges and risks to our current health information technology system and has reinforced IHS’ commitment to the modernization of our health IT infrastructure. Despite these challenges, we have successfully expanded our use of technology to provide telehealth services during COVID-19.The funding for electronic health record modernization provided by Congress will allow us to proceed with the foundational steps in this important multi-year effort.

Importance of Partnerships

We look forward to continuing our work with tribal, urban Indian organization, and federal partners across the country. The IHS remains committed to working closely with our stakeholders and understands the importance of everyone coming together during this difficult time.

For the latest general information about COVID-19, we encourage everyone to periodically review CDC’s COVID-19 webpage Exit Disclaimer: You Are Leaving www.ihs.gov . Information on the number of COVID-19 vaccines administered across the IHS can be found on the CDC COVID Data Tracker Exit Disclaimer: You Are Leaving www.ihs.gov  in the Federal Entities section.

COVID-19 Vaccine Distribution and Administration by IHS Area

As of July 19, 2021, the IHS is distributing the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines. The Johnson & Johnson/Janssen vaccines are currently on backorder, but redistribution from other sites will be coordinated if sites request this vaccine. The table below shows the total number of vaccine doses distributed and administered per IHS Area to date for those facilities that chose to receive vaccine through the IHS jurisdiction. The data includes COVID-19 vaccinations administered to all ages authorized for emergency use by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The IHS administration rate is 79 percent. Some Areas, for example, Albuquerque Area, approaches a 100 percent administration rate, which may be due to vaccine overfill in the vials for both Pfizer and Moderna products.The IHS jurisdiction is administering all available full doses in accordance with FDA guidance.

Area Total Doses Distributed* Total Doses Administered**
Albuquerque 131,165 134,369
Bemidji 152,885 124,529
Billings 61,795 46,159
California 221,605 155,516
Great Plains 127,080 92,034
Nashville 91,355 72,289
Navajo 254,105 235,894
Oklahoma City 441,410 371,116
Phoenix 175,400 152,900
Portland 96,545 76,114
Tucson^ 12,070 9,326
Grand Total 1,765,415 1,470,246

*Distributed Data Source: IHS National Supply Service Center, includes total doses ordered and anticipated to be delivered by July 16, 2021 to facilities that chose the IHS jurisdiction for vaccine distribution.

**Administered Data Source: Data is reported from the Vaccine Administration Management System (VAMS) and IHS Central Aggregator Service (CAS). Data may be different than data on the CDC COVID-19 vaccine tracker due to lags and ongoing quality review of data, including resolving data errors.

Note: Alaska Area – all tribes chose to receive COVID-19 vaccine from the State of Alaska. ^Tucson Area – the data is only reflective of the one tribe that chose the IHS jurisdiction for vaccine distribution.

COVID-19 Cases by IHS Area

Data are reported from IHS, tribal, and urban Indian organization facilities, though reporting by tribal and urban programs is voluntary. Data reflect cases reported to the IHS through 11:59 pm on July 17, 2021.

IHS Area
Tested
Positive
Negative
Cumulative
percent
positive *
7-day rolling
average
positivity *
Alaska 661,517 12,662 566,020 2.2% 2.5%
Albuquerque 100,618 8,332 71,262 10.5% 7.3%
Bemidji 178,619 12,036 163,726 6.8% 3.2%
Billings 104,571 7,543 93,733 7.4% 0.0%
California 91,144 8,477 79,310 9.7% 8.1%
Great Plains 154,271 14,510 139,249 9.4% 2.8%
Nashville 84,796 6,493 77,364 7.7% 6.5%
Navajo 272,461 32,712 191,402 14.6% 4.2%
Oklahoma City 546,353 63,201 478,552 11.7% 10.9%
Phoenix 193,677 24,809 168,267 12.8% 9.4%
Portland 133,413 8,688 124,284 6.5% 8.0%
Tucson 29,447 2,844 26,449 9.7% 4.4%
TOTAL 2,550,887 202,307 2,179,618 8.5% 6.4%

COVID-19 Testing Data will be updated weekly beginning on Monday, June 7, 2021.

IHS COVID-19 Dashboard

* Zoom in to see stats by IHS Area

Website last updated July 19, 2021