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Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Coronavirus Disease 2019

The Indian Health Service continues to work closely with our tribal and urban Indian organization partners and state and local public health officials to coordinate a comprehensive public health response to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. The COVID-19 pandemic has disproportionately affected American Indian and Alaska Native populations across the country. American Indians and Alaska Natives have infection rates over 3.5 times higher Exit Disclaimer: You Are Leaving www.ihs.gov  than non-Hispanic whites, are over four times Exit Disclaimer: You Are Leaving www.ihs.gov  more likely to be hospitalized as a result of COVID-19, and have higher rates Exit Disclaimer: You Are Leaving www.ihs.gov  of mortality at younger ages than non-Hispanic whites. This has highlighted the need for comprehensive, culturally appropriate personal and public health services that are available and accessible to all American Indian and Alaska Native people.

A Historic Investment

The IHS has received a historic investment of more than $9 billion [PDF] to provide resources for IHS, tribal, and urban Indian health programs to address long-standing health inequities experienced by American Indians and Alaska Natives by ensuring a comprehensive public health response to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. We have worked closely with tribes and urban Indian organizations throughout this pandemic to get resources out to facilities as quickly as possible.

Increasing Availability and Access to Vaccination Sites

IHS continues to address barriers to COVID-19 vaccination in American Indian and Alaska Native communities by increasing availability to convenient and accessible vaccination sites; increasing clinical and community-based workforce for outreach, education, and vaccination; and accelerating COVID-19 vaccine distribution and administration. Across the Indian health system, we have administered well over one million vaccine doses, increased drive-through testing sites, and provided next-generation at home tests and rapid tests.

Achievements and Improvements

It has been more than a year now that IHS and our dedicated workforce have been responding to COVID-19. Over the past year, IHS has worked to ensure the safety of our IHS patients and staff, as well as tribal community members. We have made some considerable achievements such as developing a COVID-19 data surveillance system and partnering with the Navajo Nation and other local organizations on a project to support the installation of 59 transitional water points on the Navajo Nation. These efforts have increased water access for over 9,600 homes without piped water.

The pandemic has highlighted challenges and risks to our current health information technology system and has reinforced IHS’ commitment to the modernization of our health IT infrastructure. Despite these challenges, we have successfully expanded our use of technology to provide telehealth services during COVID-19.The funding for electronic health record modernization provided by Congress will allow us to proceed with the foundational steps in this important multi-year effort.

Importance of Partnerships

We look forward to continuing our work with tribal, urban Indian organization, and federal partners across the country. The IHS remains committed to working closely with our stakeholders and understands the importance of everyone coming together during this difficult time.

For the latest general information about COVID-19, we encourage everyone to periodically review CDC’s COVID-19 webpage Exit Disclaimer: You Are Leaving www.ihs.gov . Information on the number of COVID-19 vaccines administered across the IHS can be found on the CDC COVID Data Tracker Exit Disclaimer: You Are Leaving www.ihs.gov  in the Federal Entities section.

COVID-19 Vaccine Distribution and Administration by IHS Area

As of July 26, 2021, the IHS is distributing the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines. The Johnson & Johnson/Janssen vaccines are currently on backorder, but redistribution from other sites will be coordinated if sites request this vaccine. The table below shows the total number of vaccine doses distributed and administered per IHS Area to date for those facilities that chose to receive vaccine through the IHS jurisdiction. The data includes COVID-19 vaccinations administered to all ages authorized for emergency use by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The IHS administration rate is 83 percent. Some Areas, for example, Albuquerque Area, approaches a 100 percent administration rate, which may be due to vaccine overfill in the vials for both Pfizer and Moderna products.The IHS jurisdiction is administering all available full doses in accordance with FDA guidance.

Area Total Doses Distributed* Total Doses Administered**
Albuquerque 131,165 134,958
Bemidji 153,785 124,883
Billings 62,645 46,712
California 223,055 156,261
Great Plains 127,630 93,517
Nashville 91,905 72,925
Navajo 254,105 237,058
Oklahoma City 448,560 373,922
Phoenix 177,650 154,493
Portland 96,645 76,507
Tucson 12,520 9,418
Grand Total 1,779,665 1,480,654

*Distributed Data Source: IHS National Supply Service Center, includes total doses ordered and anticipated to be delivered by July 23, 2021 to facilities that chose the IHS jurisdiction for vaccine distribution.

**Administered Data Source: Data is reported from the Vaccine Administration Management System (VAMS) and IHS Central Aggregator Service (CAS). Data may be different than data on the CDC COVID-19 vaccine tracker due to lags and ongoing quality review of data, including resolving data errors.

Note: Alaska Area – all tribes chose to receive COVID-19 vaccine from the State of Alaska. ^Tucson Area – the data is only reflective of the one tribe that chose the IHS jurisdiction for vaccine distribution.

COVID-19 Cases by IHS Area

Data are reported from IHS, tribal, and urban Indian organization facilities, though reporting by tribal and urban programs is voluntary. Data reflect cases reported to the IHS through 11:59 pm on July 24, 2021.

IHS Area
Tested
Positive
Negative
Cumulative
percent
positive *
7-day rolling
average
positivity *
Alaska 668,505 12,925 571,094 2.2% 3.6%
Albuquerque 100,924 8,346 71,555 10.4% 4.6%
Bemidji 179,729 12,062 164,812 6.8% 2.3%
Billings 106,158 7,559 95,276 7.4% 1.0%
California 92,653 8,654 80,545 9.7% 10.7%
Great Plains 155,248 14,530 140,206 9.4% 2.0%
Nashville 86,119 6,592 78,553 7.7% 7.5%
Navajo 274,558 32,824 193,325 14.5% 5.4%
Oklahoma City 553,065 64,068 484,413 11.7% 12.9%
Phoenix 195,455 25,015 169,781 12.8% 11.7%
Portland 134,401 8,755 125,211 6.5% 8.9%
Tucson 30,521 2,867 27,500 9.4% 2.1%
TOTAL 2,577,336 204,197 2,202,271 8.5% 7.2%

COVID-19 Testing Data will be updated weekly beginning on Monday, June 7, 2021.

IHS COVID-19 Dashboard

* Zoom in to see stats by IHS Area

Website last updated July 26, 2021