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a) Diminished visual acuity
b) Pupil dilation
c) Pain when reading small text
d) No symptoms
a) Since the start of the Special Diabetes Program for Indians, there has been an increase in the rate of comprehensive eye exam screenings with 75% of all individuals with diabetes receiving a bi-annual exam.
b) Fully 80% of all AI/AN patients with diabetes receive a comprehensive eye exam annually.
c) Since 2008, there has been an increase in the rate of comprehensive eye exam screenings with more than 60% of all individuals with diabetes receiving the annual screenings in 2015.
d) There has been a dramatic increase in the rate of annual comprehensive diabetic eye exam screenings from 30% in 1992 to 80% in 2015.
a) Patient Education
b) Control of confounding factors such as glucose, lipids, blood pressure, and smoking
c) Annual diabetic retinopathy exams for timely diagnosis and treatment
d) All of the Above
a) Reduce the requirements for laser therapy and prevented disease progression in patients with pre-existing diabetic retinopathy.
b) Have significant effect on lipid-lowering, but no effect in reducing progression to proliferative retinopathy.
c) Be too late to impact the progression of proliferative retinopathy or diabetic maculopathy.
d) Have significant effect on reducing blood pressure, but no effect in reducing progression to diabetic retinopathy.
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