U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Indian Health Service: The Federal Health Program for American Indians and Alaska Natives
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Chief Clinical Consultant for
Emergency Medicine

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Dr. Barbara McLaurin, MD
Emergency Department

Phoenix Indian Medical Center
4212 Norht 16th Street
Phoenix, AZ 85016

Links of Interest

Dr. David Boyd, IHS Trauma Services

Dr. Jim Upchurch, EMS Medical Direction

Emergency Medicine

Emergency Medical Services ( EMS)

  • National Native American EMS Association (NNAEMSA)
    Exit Disclaimer: You Are Leaving www.ihs.gov The Board of the NNAEMSA provides national tribal EMS leadership, and the organization hosts a week-long annual educational meeting for tribal EMS programs. The website for NNAEMSA is maintained at MPHC.

Injury Prevention


IHS Trauma Services

David BoydDr David R. Boyd, MDCM, FACS is a General Surgeon with 23 years experience in the US Public Health Service (PHS). The last 12 in the Indian Health Service (IHS), he was the staff surgeon at the Blackfeet Community Hospital in Browning, MT.

Dr Boyd comes from Seattle, WA, where he went to public school and was active in many sports. He graduated from Central Washington College of Education in Ellensburg, WA, with a Bachelors of Arts and Science in 1958. His combined majors were Psychology and Pre-medicine. His medical education is from McGill University in Montreal, PQ, Canada, graduating MDCM in 1963.

Dr Boyd did a rotating internship at the Cook County Hospital (CCH) in Chicago, IL. He was drafted into the US Army, serving as Captain in the Medical Corps from 1964-66. He returned to surgical training at the University of Maryland and was a “Shock-Trauma Fellow” at the developing Maryland Institute for Emergency Medical Services Systems (MIEMSS). He returned to the CCH surgery program and became the “Resident Director” of our nation’s first civilian Trauma Unit (TU). He established the first “Computerized Trauma Registry” under an NIH grant. He wrote the plan and later implemented the Illinois Statewide Trauma and Emergency Medical Services System from 1971-74.

He was also the Illinois State Medical Disaster Officer and initiated a more rational and coordinated disaster response system, utilizing the designated Trauma Centers and their Trauma/EMSS Coordinators as lead personnel. evaluate the problem, and initiate the appropriate medical and hospital response, activate the transportation and communication components, and coordinate with environmental health, and other agencies, including Civil Defense. He designed and implemented an effective Trauma and Emergency Medical Guidelines and EMS Operating Component Standards statewide. Many became national standards later.

In 1972 he testified before the US Congress on the need for a National EMS System. He wrote the clinically relevant parts of PL 93-154, “The EMS Systems Act of 1973”. He was appointed National Director of the Office of EMSS in PHS, DHEW and later DHHS. In this capacity he worked with public and private sectors, state, territorial, local and tribal governments, health and safety, professional, public advocacy and political interests in Trauma and EMSS. He established the “303” EMSS Contiguous Geographic Regions and defined the National Trauma and EMS program. He worked closely with IHS and the initial EMSS program.

Dr Boyd left the Federal Government in 1983 and established a private EMSS consulting firm working with domestic and international clients. He returned to clinical work in emergency medicine in 1991. He was the general surgeon at the Blackfeet Community Hospital in Browning, MT since 1993 and Clinical Director (CD) there in 2002-03. He is currently the National Trauma Systems Coordinator in the Office of Emergency Services (ES), Indian Health Service (IHS) Rockville, MD. He is the IHS representative to the Federal Inter Agency Committee for Emergency Medical Services (FICEMS)

DR Boyd has published over 110 scientific articles on Trauma, Shock and Trauma/EMS Systems including a textbook on EMS. He has received many honors including the “Distinguished Career Award” from the American Public Health Association (APHA), Injury Control and Emergency Medical Services Section in 1998 and the National Safety Council (NSC) Surgeons’ Award for Service to Safety and the Journal of EMS Physio Control “Living Legends of EMS Award” in 2006.

He has implemented the IHS Alcohol Screening/ Behavior Intervention (ASBI) Program and is developing the Director’s Trauma Initiative.

Dr Boyd is married to Joyce M. Boyd MDCM, FAAP. They have four adult children and four grand children.

Contact Dr. David Boyd at the Office of Emergency Services at Rockville, Maryland: 301-443-1557

EMS Medical Direction

Jim UpchurchJim Upchurch MD, MA, NREMTP practices in Montana and is board certified in Family Practice with added qualification in Geriatrics. He has a master’s degree in education and human development and is licensed as a paramedic. Dr. Upchurch is a ‘Legacy’ member of the American College of Emergency Physicians. Since 1985 his practice has been with the Indian Health Service and has focused on emergency medicine and EMS while providing the full spectrum of care required in a rural/frontier environment. He provides medical direction for BLS and ALS EMS systems, including a critical care interfacility transport service. He also provides medical direction for the Incident Medical Specialist Program, USDA Forest Service, Northern Region and the Northern Rockies Smokejumper Program. Dr. Upchurch has served as American Heart Association ACLS Regional and National faculty for Montana and currently represents Montana on the Council of State EMS Medical Directors of the National Association of State EMS Officials.

Contact Dr. Jim Upchurch in Crow Agency, Montana. With NAEMSP and the Critical Illness and Trauma Foundation, he has developed a web-based core content educational module for new rural EMS medical directors, a Guide for Preparing Medical Directors.