Our People & History
Tucson is Arizona's second largest metropolitan area and is home to nearly one million residents. Considered as one of the oldest continuously inhabited sites in North America and referred to as the "Land of the Crimson Evening." Tucson is steeped in rich heritage of Indian and Spanish influence. It affords entertainment, recreation, shopping and cultural opportunities.
Situated in south-central Arizona, extending south to the U.S./Mexico border, the Tucson service area encompasses the Pascua Yaqui and Tohono O'odham Reservations, the latter being the second largest in the United States. With almost 3 million acres, it is a place of natural beauty unique to the Sonoran Desert. Vast valleys framed by rugged mountains, all dominated by Baboquivari Peak, sacred mountain of the Tohono O'odham, jutting from the desert floor to an ominous 7730 feet.
Blessed with the natural beauty of the Sonoran Desert and an unsurpassed climate of 360 sunny days a year, the temperature ranges from 50 degrees in the winter and over 100 degrees in the summer. The arid desert climate yields an annual rainfall of only 7 inches, received mostly during dramatic late summer storms thundering through the desert. They bring vital watershed, unforgettable skies, and a sign of hope and renewal to the People who have lived here for centuries. The land is flush with ocotillo, cholla, and saguaro cacti--with a backdrop of mesquite and palo verde trees, creosote, devil's claw, and an array of desert flowers.
Kitt Peak National Observatory sits high atop a peak on the Tohono O'odham Reservation, the valleys below are dotted with traditional desert dwellings and more modern homes built by the Tohono O'odham Nation and the Department of Housing and Urban Development, whose inhabitants continue to live a quiet rural desert life, as their forebears did. Yet, a more urban setting is closer than one might imagine.
Tucson is home to the University of Arizona Wildcats, with Davis Monthan Air Force base, tourism and government being the major economic forces, numerous medical and research facilities, headquarters for a number of major corporations, and is a favorite location of the film industry. The area is a favored retirement center, boasting sunbelt attributes and low humidity, with effortless access to Old Mexico, pine forests, snow sports, and endless sightseeing opportunities . . . all within a setting of natural splendor.
Our Indigenous Peoples
Health service for the Tohono O'odham is centered in Sells, Arizona, capital of the Tohono O'odham Reservation and hub of reservation life. Health centers are also located in the reservation communities of Santa Rosa San Xavier, and San Simon. Health care services are a combined effort of the IHS and the Tohono O'odham Department of Health & Human Services by providing a comprehensive health program of inpatient, ambulatory and community health services.
The O'odham once lived on the land base known as the Papagueria in the southwest (extending south to Sonora, Mexico, north to Central Arizona - just north of Phoenix, Arizona), west to the Gulf of California, and east to the San Pedro River. It had been home to the O'odham for thousands of years. The O'odham language, which derives from the Uto-Aztecan language group, with varying dialects is the primary language spoken on the current Tohono O'odham Nation Indian Reservation.
Since 1980, health care services for the Pascua Yaqui tribal members of Pima County are provided through a managed cared contract with the El Rio Health Care Center, a local federally qualified community health center. The contractor (El Rio Health Center) provides primary physician visits, pharmacy, radiology and laboratory services at various locations throughout Tucson as well as at the Pascua Yaqui reservation. Over 4,500 members are enrolled in the Pascua Yaqui Medical Program. The Tribe also provides supplemental health services like AIDS program, alternative medicine (acupuncture, chiropractic, and traditional health), behavioral health, physical therapy, health transportation, and community health nursing.
PY Contract Health Services
In 2010, the Pascua Yaqui Tribe contracted (assumed the responsibility for programs formerly managed by the Tucson Area IHS) their health services and currently manages their Contract Health Service (CHS) program. This office arranges for medical care not available at the contractor's site (El Rio Health Center). Following CHS guidelines, prior authorization, referral approval/denial, alternate resource identification and case management are the primary functions of the program. The provider network includes contracted hospitals and specialists along with necessary ancillary care.
Tucson Indian Center
The Tucson Indian Center (TIC) is a non-profit 501 © organization and is a recipient of the Special Diabetes Program for Indians (SDPI) grant and Indian Health Care Improvement Act (IHCIA) Title V health care service funding. The TIC has managed and developed quality programs to address the unique needs of the growing Tucson urban Indian community for 50 years. They provide employment services, health promotion, preventative services, education outreach, and referral services. In addition, they provide limited transportation services for clients seeking access for their medical and dental appointments at the San Xavier Health Center (local IHS facility) and medication pick-up and delivery to those who lack transportation.