U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Indian Health Service: The Federal Health Program for American Indians and Alaska Natives
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Sunday, September 21, 2014

Division of Diabetes Treatment and Prevention - Leading the effort to treat and prevent diabetes in American Indians and Alaska Natives


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Footwear Anatomy

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NOTE: Access to this information is not restricted; however, the information found here is intended for use by medical providers. Some videos contain graphic images. Patients should talk with their medical providers about any specific concerns.

Basic Anatomy of a Shoe

  • Collar - provides ankle support.
  • Heel Counter - provides lateral support.
  • Upper or vamp - adjustable with laces, straps, or Velcro.
  • Toe Box - protective covering for the toes; range of depths available.
  • Insert - provides cushioning.
  • Sole - bottom of shoe; provides traction. A rocker sole provides less pressure at the forefoot.
  • Shank - stiffens the shoe; adds stability.
Overview How To Other Resources

Division of Diabetes Treatment and Prevention | Phone: (505) 248-4182 | Fax: (505) 248-4188 | diabetesprogram@ihs.gov