Special Diabetes Programs for Indians - Demonstration Projects FY2004-FY2009
This section contains information about the SDPI Demonstration Projects and features short interviews with 9 of these programs which were conducted in Spring of 2008 during a poster session. Staff from these programs describe successful activities and key elements of their programs. Click on the "View Featured Demonstration Projects" to the right to access the presentations.
In response to the diabetes epidemic among American Indians and Alaska Natives, Congress established the Special Diabetes Program for Indians (SDPI) in 1997. Administered by the IHS Division of Diabetes, and with guidance from the Tribal Leaders Diabetes Committee, the SDPI provides grant funding for diabetes treatment and prevention services at more than 400 IHS, Tribal, and Urban Indian health programs in all 12 IHS Areas across the United States. These grant-funded programs use proven, evidence-based, and community-driven diabetes treatment and prevention strategies that address each stage of the disease.
In 2004, Congress increased SDPI funding to develop and implement projects in two specific areas:
Diabetes prevention in high-risk individuals: The Special Diabetes Program for Indians Diabetes Prevention Demonstration Project (36 grant programs) adapted and is currently implementing the curriculum
from the Diabetes Prevention Program. The Diabetes Prevention Program was a clinical trial
funded by the National Institutes of Health. This landmark study demonstrated that individuals with pre-diabetes could prevent the onset of diabetes through modest weight loss and lifestyle changes.
Cardiovascular disease prevention in people who already have diabetes: The Special Diabetes Program for Indians Healthy Heart Demonstration Project (30 grant programs) is currently implementing an intensive clinical, team-based case management approach to treat risk factors for cardiovascular disease in American Indians and Alaska Natives who have diabetes. Cardiovascular disease is the most compelling complication of diabetes and the number one cause of death among American Indian and Alaska Native adults.
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