What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease where your blood sugar is too high. Diabetes happens when your body can no longer make or can't make enough of a hormone called insulin that helps your body turn blood sugar into energy. Your blood always has some sugar in it because your body needs sugar for energy to keep you going. But too much blood sugar is bad for your health.
What is pre-diabetes?
If you have Pre-diabetes, it means your blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough for diabetes.
- People with pre-diabetes are at higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
- You can reduce the risk of getting diabetes and perhaps even return blood sugar levels to normal with a small amount of weight loss through healthy eating and increased physical activity.
What is type 2 diabetes?
People develop type 2 diabetes because the cells in the muscles, liver, and fat do not use insulin properly. Eventually, the body cannot make enough insulin. This leads to high blood sugar. Over time, high blood sugar can lead to serious problems with your eyes, heart, kidneys and nerves.
Type 2 diabetes is most common in American Indian and Alaska Native people. This type of diabetes can occur at any age, even in children.
What are the signs of type 2 diabetes?
Signs of type 2 diabetes can be severe, very mild or none at all, depending on how high blood sugars have become. Look for these signs:
- Increased thirst
- Increased hunger
- Fatigue (feeling very tired most of the time)
- Increased urination
- Unexplained weight loss
- Blurred vision
A blood test to check your blood sugar will show if you have pre-diabetes or diabetes.
What factors increase my risk for getting pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes?
- Being physically inactive
- Having a parent, brother, or sister with diabetes
- Having had the kind of diabetes which can happen during pregnancy (Gestational diabetes)
- Being overweight
Can type 2 diabetes be managed?
Yes. Taking care of your diabetes every day will help keep your blood sugar in a healthy range and help prevent health problems that diabetes can cause during your lifetime.
Where can I get help with pre-diabetes and diabetes?
- Your health care team (doctor, nurse, diabetes educator, dietitian, psychologist, fitness coach, social worker) can help.
They can help you create a physical activity and healthy eating plan that will work for you. They can also tell you about medication used to treat diabetes.
- Get help from others. Talk with your family and friends and ask for support.
Visit the IHS Division of Diabetes Treatment and Prevention Ideas and Inspirations to learn more and see more success stories.
Indian Health Service Division of Diabetes Treatment and Prevention
This site has information about what IHS does to prevent and manage diabetes, success stories, and educational materials.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Diabetes and Me
Explains the basics about diabetes, how you can prevent diabetes, and how to stay healthy with diabetes.
The American Diabetes Association
has diabetes news, basic information about diabetes, and food and fitness tips.
Indian Health Service Healthy Weight for Life
Has information on what is a healthy weight, steps to take to achieve or keep a healthy weight throughout your life, and success stories.