As a result of the current Federal government funding situation, the information on this website may not be up to date or acted upon. Updates regarding government operating status and resumption of normal operations can be found at www.opm.gov . Despite the lapse in appropriations, IHS will continue to provide direct clinical health care services as well as referrals for contracted services that cannot be provided through IHS clinics. For more information on how IHS is impacted, visit: HHS Contingency Plan
Substance Use Disorders
Information on Drug and Alcohol Prevention and Treatment
- Substance Use in Women and Men – Infographic, National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
- Women and Drugs – NIDA
The IHS Alcohol and Substance Abuse Program site has information and resources for recognizing and overcoming addiction to alcohol or drugs. Specific topic pages are linked below.
Opioid Use Disorder
Opioid use disorder, which is made up of opioid addiction and opioid dependence, is a medical condition based on the compulsive use of opioids (e.g., morphine, heroin, codeine, oxycodone, hydrocodone, etc.) despite negative consequences of continued use and the withdrawal symptoms that occur when opioid use stops.
- Drugs of Abuse: Opioids – CDC
- Injury Prevention and Control: Opioid Overdose, Understanding the Epidemic – CDC
- Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT) for Substance Use Disorders – Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
- Opioid Dependence Management – IHS
- Heroin Addiction Fact Sheet – NIH RePORT
Prescription and Illegal Drug Use
- Prescription Drugs and Cold Medicines: What is Prescription Drug Abuse– NIDA
- Prescription and Illicit Drug Abuse – NIH Senior Health
Information on Women and Alcohol
- Women and Alcohol – National Institute on Alcohol, Abuse, and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
- Substance Abuse Treatment for Women – SAMHSA
- Women, Addiction, and Recovery newsletter – SAMHSA
Maternal Substance Addiction
For information on drug use by pregnant women and the effects of this use on their babies, visit the Alcohol and Substance Use during Pregnancy page.