Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs
Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs (PDMPs) are a tool for prescribers and pharmacists to monitor and deter prescription medication misuse, abuse, addiction and diversion. PDMPs to date are state-run databases that collect data on controlled substances dispensed by pharmacies and prescribers operating in the state. These programs have a variety of purposes and goals, which include:
- Supporting medication safety and legitimate medical access to controlled substances
- Determining individuals who may be misusing, abusing or diverting drugs and preventing them access to controlled substances
- Assisting in the identification of individuals addicted to controlled prescription medications and intervening with treatment when necessary
- Influencing public health legislative and financial agendas by presenting prescription medication use data
- Educating the public about the purpose of PDMPs and the issues surrounding prescription drugs.
While the goals of the state PDMPs are similar, vast variations exist within state legislation, PDMP logistics, and program administration. The PDMP user should be aware of individual state licensure requirements as well as program logistics such as pharmacy frequency of reporting to fully implement PDMP in clinical practice.
Indian Health Service mandates participation with state PDMP for both prescribers and dispensers as detailed in IHS Policy.
Visit the Office of Diversion Control for information from the Drug Enforcement Administration about prescription drug monitoring programs.
National Association of State Controlled Substances Authorities– Interactive map detailing PDMP status by state
CDC Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain – Comprehensive patient screening and monitoring strategies included in these updated guidelines
Turn the Tide– Tools and resources for clinicians regarding safe opioid prescribing