Resources for Providers
Health care professionals help to prevent suicide through community education and awareness efforts, and by providing intervention and postvention services.
Screening and Assessment
- SAFE-T: Suicide Assessment Five-step Evaluation and Triage for Mental Health professionals [PDF - 56 KB] is a five-step guide for clinicians that addresses patient levels of suicide risk and appropriate interventions.
- The Suicide Behaviors Questionnaire Revised (SBQ-R) [PDF - 47 KB] is a screening tool that assesses suicide-related thoughts and behaviors.
- The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) lists suicide prevention tools, information, and links to resources to help increase awareness of suicide as a public health issue, and promote connectedness and community resources to prevent suicide.
- The Screening for Mental Health website provides a diagnostic questionnaire, Act now to stop a suicide—What to look for—and what to do if you are concerned about someone [PDF - 1.45 MB].
- The Means Matter website provides information on how a person may attempt suicide, and details the importance of “means reduction” (reducing access to lethal tools/methods).
- The Suicide Prevention Resource Center provides technical assistance, training, and materials to increase the knowledge and expertise of professionals serving people at risk for suicide. Resources include a webpage for professionals serving American Indian and Alaska Native communities.
- The National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (NSPL) offers a guide for medical providers on patient care after a suicide attempt.
Clinical Practice Guideline
The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and the Department of Defense (VA/DoD) established a Clinical Practice Guideline for the assessment and management of patients at risk for suicide. The guideline identifies critical decision points in the management of suicide risk behavior, and provides clear recommendations on incorporating current information into practice. The guideline is only a tool to assist providers, and is not a substitute for clinical judgment.
Suicide Prevention, Intervention, and Postvention
The American Indian/Alaska Native pages from the Suicide Prevention Resource Center (SPRC) were customized to to enhance suicide prevention and mental health promotion resources for individuals working with American Indian and Alaska Native populations.
The AI/AN Task Force developed the National AI/AN Hope for Life Day toolkit to further advance the National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention’s priority to change the public conversation around suicide and suicide prevention in AI/AN communities.
The National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention , a national public-private partnership advancing the National Strategy for Suicide Prevention, created an AI/AN Task Force in 2011, which aims to support suicide prevention efforts in native communities nationwide.
The National Suicide Prevention Lifeline Wallet Card: Suicide Prevention: Learn the Warning Signs is available to download or order from SAMHSA. The card lists warning signs and urges those who exhibit signs of suicide to contact a mental health professional or call the toll-free suicide prevention hotline.
The National Suicide Prevention Lifeline Wallet Card: Having Trouble Coping? With Help Comes Hope is also available to download or order from SAMHSA. The card lists signs of depression and urges people who are having trouble coping after a traumatic event to call the hotline.
The NSPL has a Lifeline Online Postvention Manual [PDF - 105 MB] presentation on the Suicide Prevention Lifeline’s American Indian Initiative to assist with healing after a suicide or suicide attempt.