Diabetes Standards of Care and Resources for Clinicians and Educators
People with diabetes are at lifelong risk for eye and vision problems. These problems include diabetic retinopathy and macular edema. Diabetes also increases the risk of common eye conditions such as cataracts, glaucoma, and age-related macular degeneration.
Diabetic eye disease, a leading cause of visual impairment and blindness, can be prevented or delayed with optimal diabetes management. Control of glucose and blood pressure helps prevent the onset and reduce the progression of diabetic retinopathy. Treating dyslipidemia in people with diabetic retinopathy may also slow progression. Early detection, monitoring, and treatment of retinopathy and maculopathy are essential for reducing the risk of vision loss and blindness.